The largest gem-quality aquamarine crystal mined to date is 19 inches long.
Like emerald, aquamarine is a color variety of the mineral beryl.
Aquamarine is mined at high elevations in Pakistan’s Karakoram Mountains.
- Mineral: beryl
- Color: greenish blue, light in tone
- Refractive index: 1.577 to 1.583
- Birefringence: 0.005 to 0.009
- Specific gravity: 2.72
- Mohs Hardness: 7.5 to 8.0
The name “aquamarine” is derived from two Latin words: aqua, meaning “water,” and marina, meaning “of the sea.”
It has been said that the mineral beryl gives the wearer protection against foes in battle or litigation. It makes the wearer unconquerable and amiable, and also quickens the intellect.
Aquamarine is the birthstone for March.